Cases OBGYNs Deal With
An OBGYN’s areas of specialization deal with the female reproductive system. Obstetrics covers all aspects of the system and its organs during pregnancy. For all other times, gynecology kicks in. This doctor thus attends to women in both scenarios. For one to qualify to be an OBGYN, they have to first go through the medical degree training, then further studies and training to specialize in the field. A gynecologist also needs to get trained in being obstetric, but the obstetric does not necessarily have to receive gynecology training. After being certified, most OBGYNs go for general practice, with a few specializing in specific fields.
These specializing areas they go into are fellowships, which shall have clinical, operational and research training baked into them. How long one trains depends on what they chose to specialize in. Some fellowships are maternal-fetal medicine, gynecological oncology, reproductive endocrinology and infertility, pelvic reconstructive surgery, family planning and menopausal gynecology, to name a few.
An OBGYN can do so many procedures for either pregnant or non-pregnant women. The ultrasound is one of their most sought-after services. This service is offered at many stages in a woman’s pregnancy. It always reveals more details about the status of the mother and the developing fetus. The obstetrician shall rely on the first ultrasound to determine the state of the pregnancy and the expected delivery date. This procedure shall be conducted at the OBGYN’s office where they have an ultrasound sonographer. As the pregnancy draws near its conclusion, there shall be a contraction stress test done. This test is done when contractions are induced, which will point out how the fetus will react, if there any areas of concern, and who smoothly the childbirth shall go.
You will discover more of the gynecological procedures these doctors are capable of performing. They do the common ones like dilation and curettage. Dilation is necessary to enlarge the entrance of the patient’s uterus, while curettage is done to scrape the lining of the uterus for tissue samples. This is what they resort to when they need to know more about the presence of abnormal uterine bleeding to treat it. The collected samples shall then be observed under a microscope for any abnormalities.
There is also hysterectomy, which is a popular gynecological procedure. In it, they shall remove either part of, or the whole uterus. It is usually done to a woman who is at the child-bearing age. This is what they have to turn to when there is nothing else to do in cases of chronic pelvic pain, cancer, or abnormal uterine bleeding.
The OBGYN are highly skilled, trained, and come with enough experience to handle any reproductive system issue a woman might have, whether pregnant or not.